Symptoms of an improper thyroid function
The thyroid gland, a small butterfly shaped gland located on the neck below the Adam's apple, can have a dramatic impact on many bodily functions. Thyroid diseases ranging from harmless increase in size of the glands all the way to cancer. The most common disorder is the excessive or insufficient production of hormones. If it produces too much, it will lead to hyperthyroidism, and if there is not enough, will cause hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism causes a feeling of anxiety and tension, emotional instability, impatience and anxiety and poor concentration. The sensitivity of the hearing, occasional depression and sadness and also problems with sleep and appetite which are also symptoms from which patients will quickly lose weight.
In contrast to the "accelerated" state of hyperthyroidism, inactive thyroid slows the body. Hypothyroidism is characterized by a strong fatigue, loss of interest and initiative, lack of life energy and a poor memory.
If you are a woman over 35 years of age, your chances of thyroid dysfunction, according to some estimates, is greater than 30 percent. According to estimates by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, at least 30 million Americans have thyroid disorder, while half of patients with the condition are not diagnosed. Women, unlike men, are ten times more prone to thyroid problems.
Thyroid produces hormones that, among other things, regulate body temperature, heart rate and metabolism.
What causes thyroid problems? It can be genetic, autoimmune attack, pregnancy, stress, lack of nutrients, toxins in the environment, but experts are still not completely sure.
Symptoms that indicate that you should check the thyroid gland:
1) You're exhausted
Fatigue and lack of energy are associated with many things, including hypothyroidism, a disorder which is a result of the creation of too little thyroid hormone. If you are in the morning and throughout the day constantly tired, despite the fact that you have enough sleep, the cause may lie in an inactive thyroid. Fatigue is a major symptom of inactive thyroid.
2) Feeling depressed
The feeling of unusual depression or sadness can also be a symptom of hypothyroidism. Why? It is believed that the production of too little thyroid hormone can have an impact on the 'happiness hormone' serotonin in the brain. With an inactive thyroid it is not surprising that you feel gloomy.
3) Nervousness and anxiety
Anxiety and "sense of nervousness" may be associated with hyperthyroidism, when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone. Overwhelmed by hormones, your metabolism and whole body can be in fifth gear. If you can not relax, your thyroid gland may be in 'hype' mode.
4) Appetite and taste of food have changed
Food cravings can be a sign of hyperthyroidism, too much thyroid hormone can cause a constant feeling of hunger. A slow thyroid gland on the other hand can play around with flavors and aromas of food.
Confusion can be, of course, caused by a lack of sleep or aging, but cognitive function may also be under attack because of poor a thyroid function. Too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) can cause difficulties concentration while too little (hypothyroidism) can cause forgetfulness and 'holes' in the memory. Many women attribute it to menopause, but confusion can be a real indicator of a thyroid problem.
6) Loss of interest in sex
Little or no desire for sex may be due to thyroid disorders. Too little thyroid hormone can lower the libido, but the cumulative effect of other symptoms: hypothyroidism - weight gain, low energy and pain in the body - also play a major role.
7) Being vibrant and excited
That fluttery feeling that you have could be palpitations. You can feel your heart skipping beats or too hard or too fast. That feeling in your chest, or when you touch the pulse points in the throat or neck. Palpitations can be a sign of hyperthyroidism.
8) Dry Skin
Dry and itching skin can also be a symptom of hypothyroidism. The change in the structure and appearance of the skin is associated with reduced metabolism (caused by a too little production of thyroid hormones), which can reduce sweating. Skin without enough moisture can quickly become dry. Also, the nails can become brittle and uneven.
9) The work of the intestine is unpredictable
People with hypothyroidism sometimes complain of constipation. A disruption in the production of hormones causes the slowing the digestive process. This is one of the three most common symptoms of hypothyroidism. On the other hand, an overactive thyroid can cause diarrhea or frequent chair, which are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
10) Irregular menstrual cycles
Longer menstrual periods with stronger pain and cramps may be a sign of hypothyroidism as well as a shortened distance between two periods. With hyperthyroidism, high levels of hormones cause menstrual irregularities in a different way. The bleeding are shorter, and the distance between them increased.
11) The painful limbs or muscles
If you have a sudden tingling or numbness or pain in the hands, legs, feet or hands, it can be a sign of hypothyroidism. Over time, too little thyroid hormone can damage nerves in the brain and spinal cord sending signals through the body. The result is "inexplicable" tingling and pain.
12) High blood pressure
High blood pressure can be a sign of thyroid disorders, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. According to some estimates, people with hypothyroidism have a two to three times higher risk of developing hypertension. One theory is that low levels of thyroid hormone slow the heart rate, which can affect the strength and flexibility of pumping blood. Both conditions can cause a rise in blood pressure.
13) Impaired regulation of body temperature
Feeling cold is associated with hypothyroidism. The slowdown is caused by the thyroid which's cells consume less energy. Less energy means less heat. On the other hand, overactive thyroid makes cells that produce energy in fifth gear. Therefore, people with hyperthyroidism sometimes are too warm or sweat excessively.
14) You are hoarse and have a strange feeling in the neck
Changes in voice, or the feeling of a lump in the throat are associated with thyroid disorders. Inspect the neck to detect any signs of swelling of the thyroid. Using a hand mirror, look at your throat while swallowing water. Look if there are any bulges or protrusions in the thyroid, which is below the larynx. If you see anything suspicious, consult a doctor.
15) Disturbed sleep
Constantly sleepy? The problem probably lies in hypothyroidism. Sluggish thyroid can slow down the body's functions
Insomnia? It is a hyperthyroidism. Overactive thyroid can cause anxiety and rapid pulse, which makes it hard to fall asleep or makes you wake up in the middle of the night.
16) You gained weight
Although it can be caused by many things, weight gain can also be a sign of potential thyroid disorders. Women often complain that they do not eat more than usual, but still gain weight, as well as not losing weight even thou they exercise. The reason is almost always hidden in an inactive thyroid.
In contrast, sudden weight loss may signal hyperthyroidism.
17) The hair is thinner or falls out
Dry, brittle hair that breaks or falls out may be a sign of hypothyroidism. Too little thyroid hormone disrupts the growth cycle of hair follicles and places it in sleep mode. This can sometimes result in loss of hair all over the body, including the eyebrows. An overactive thyroid also a bad influence on hairiness, but only on the scalp.
18) You can not get pregnant
If a long time passes without the success of having a baby, an over-active thyroid gland may be a factor. The difficulties are associated with a higher risk with undiagnosed problems with thyroid. Both typothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can interfere with the ovulation, which impairs fertility. Thyroid disorders are also associated with complications in pregnancy.
19) High Cholesterol
High cholesterol levels which did not respond to diet, exercise or medication are associated with hypothyroidism. Elevated levels of "bad" cholesterol can be caused by an inactive thyroid and a cause for concern. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to heart problems, including enlarged heart and heart failure.
Nutrition and natural treatment
Foods that are beneficial for thyroid function are carrots, spinach, apricots, asparagus, avocado, sunflower seeds, olive oil, whole grains, bananas and fish oil. Foods whose intake should be reduced because of the possibility of hindering the absorption of iodine are cabbage, kale, broccoli, mustard, flax seeds, sweet potatoes, peanuts and soy products. To create a normal amount of the hormone, it is necessary to enter about one miligram of iodine per week through the food. The largest amount of iodine is in fish, then milk, eggs, and less in fruits and vegetables. Given that the main cause of hypothyroidism lack of iodine in the diet, it is necessary to add foods such as through iodized salt or foods rich in iodine, such as fish, shellfish and seaweed to your daily meals.
But other than iodine, there are a number of nutrients whose regular intake can, to some extent affect the thyroid gland. Also important is the daily intake of vitamins C, E, B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B6 ??(pyridoxine), zinc, selenium and the amino acid tyrosine, which are rich in fish, meat, dairy products and legumes.
Foods that with hypothyroidism, should be included in the regular diet plan are:
- Fish (especially tuna and salmon which are rich in selenium), shellfish and seafood
- Whole grains, brown rice (rich in selenium)
- Seeds, especially sunflower
- Fruits and vegetables - apricots, avocados, bananas, strawberries, plums, peppers, carrots, asparagus, spinach
- Dairy products, especially with the addition of probiotic cultures
- green tea
- Coconut, olive and fish oil
In hyperthyroidism, the intake of the following foods is recommended :
- Soy and soy products
- Dark green leafy vegetables
- Srčanik (herb of the mint family)
- Omega-3 fatty acids
- Vitamin C.
Avoid drinks rich in caffein as well as smoking and alcohol because they also affect thyroid function.
Poor thyroid function directly affects the metabolism, where the necessary intake of water is at least 8 to 12 glasses of water a day. Be active regularly because physical activity is especially important if you suffer from hypothyroidism. Regarding tinctures, we recommend mistletoe tincture and tincture of St John of flowers. The use of an infusions of herbs that regulate the amount of hormones in the body, such as sage, mistletoe and Vrkuta while aronia plant, in addition to the many medicinal properties, regulates the thyroid.
The number of patients with diseases of the thyroid gland for years has been growing constantly, it is the most widespread disease of the endocrine system after diabetes. It is estimated that in the year only in Croatia 450 people are diagnosed, while according to estimates of the World Health Organization, the world's two billion people are suffering from a thyroid disorder.