Caution, flu and atypical pneumonia are threatening

After the worrying speculation about the cause of death in Croatia because of the flu, there is no doubt that the flu is not a harmless disease and that there is always some risk that a small number of people die, just like in the case in December last year when a heathy 17-year old died in the United States.

The most common complications associated with the flu are pneumonia, which can be caused by the flu virus itself. They may be viral or it may be a so-called secondary bacterial pneumonia. In addition to pneumonia, patients suffering from influenza can also develop muscle inflammation, sinusitis and severe complications, such as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). The most vulnerable are people older than 65 years, individuals who suffer from chronic lung disease (chronic bronchitis, asthma), chronic heart and kidney disease, and diabetes.

Young people have a strong immune system and most pf them overcome the flu without problems - says epidemiologist William Schaffner.

Even 90 percent of people who died from the flu are older than 65, but at the highest risk are people who are not in good health. Individuals of any age with a health condition such as heart or lung disease, who are obese, have diabetes or a weakened immune system due to medication or other conditions, are more likely to develop flu complications, which may include pneumonia, hospitalization and death . But even if you're young and healthy, caution should be exercised in the case of getting the flu.
        We can not discern why, but a 100 young people will be infected and fight the disease without great deal, while the 101. will end up at the emergency or intensive - said Dr. Schaffner.

It is recommended that everyone older than six months takes a yearly vaccination against the flu, although no vaccine is omnipotent because no one knows how the body will react to the disease. With the vaccine, it is important to maintain good hygiene, regularly and thoroughly wash their hands. Also, if you cough or sneeze, be careful not to spread the germs everywhere. Avoid confined spaces and strengthen immunity warm tea like mallow, lungwort, Iceland moss tea and Vitamin C, mistletoe tincture, make cleaning of the body from parasites, fungi, bacteria with an antiparasitic tincture while for cough, bronchi, and lungs a lungwort, thyme and plantain tincture is recommended. In addition to strengthen the immune system, it is important to avoid contact with patients because it is a sure way of exposure to infections.

If you have any other disease, and heart or lung ailments, it would be best to avoid crowds during flu season. Now is the time  to stay at home as much as possible - advised Schaffner.

If you get sick with influenza, stay home and as soon as posible contact a doctor who can prescribe some medication against the flu if you are in a risk group.

In recent weeks, the growing number of cases of atypical pneumonia accompanied by flu-like symptoms, from which the patients are often not recovered from, what benefits the spread of the disease. The disease resembles a common cold, making it harder to be diagnosed later on. The risk group includes children, or people who have a compromised immune system, such as chronic heart and lung diseases.

According to the Croatian Institute for Public Health, at the end of last year there was an significantly increased in the number of pneumonia which is why in 2014 te number of people suffering from it increase as much as 50 percent compared to the previous year, mainly in connection with atypical pneumonia, caused by a particular type mycoplasma bacteria.

A mild dry cough and mild fever are usually the first symptoms that should not be ignored, especially if it lasts longer than five days, and then be sure to see a doctor who advised that those with obvious symptoms wear masks.