When viral warts appeared on your skin, you've probably wondered how these harmless growths actually appeared. It is an infection in the top layer of the skin caused by the human papilloma virus, or HPV. Viral warts form when the virus enters under the skin, and it is usually at the site of scratches or sores. The virus causes a rapid growth of cells on the outer layer of skin. At touch, the warts can be rough or soft, and are sometimes really difficult to get rid of.
They should be distinguished from sexually transmitted (genital warts) caused by other types of the HPV virus, which is known today in about 150 types.
Types of warts:
• Common warts (verrucae vulgares) can appear anywhere on the skin. But most often localized in places of pressure on the skin such as fingers, elbows, knees and soles. Often below the nail and are extremely painful. They look as sharply limited nodes whose surface is rough, can be regular, round or irregular shapes. Different colors, yellow, light gray, brown or gray-black. They range in size from a few millimeters to about a centimeter.
• A special form of warts appear on the soles of the feet. They are called Plantar warts. Due to the pressure of the warts they have a flat surface and often occur in groups. Most often found in places the greatest pressure such as the heels or toes and cause pain when walking or running.
• Children and young people are often suffering from Planar warts juveniles - youthful warts which are flat, slightly raised above the level of the skin, have a smooth surface and a tan color. Also often found on the face, and usually in greater number because of the autoinoculation.
• Strings warts are long and narrow and usually found on the eyelids, neck, lips and elsewhere on the face. They are common in men as it is transmitted during shaving autoinoculation.
• Pointed warts, genital warts (condilomata acuminata) are caused by the attack of certain types of the virus in the anogenital mucosa, and very rarely in the oral mucosa.
HPV can still be treated as very rarely spontaneously. The most commonly occur on the neck, in the armpits, groin and eyelids. The reason is that they are of viral origin and are transmitted by direct contact.
The virus HPV is ubiquitous, everyone we come into contact with, when we shake hands, touch a door handle or a key on the keyboard - discovered dermatologist Conway Huang, MD, associate professor of dermatologic surgery and cutaneous laser surgery at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Scientists have identified more than 100 types of the virus and most people will have at least the one of them at a certain point in life, usually on the hands. In some case, the virus is more likely to emergence as viral warts on the hands, while in others there is a greater probability of genital warts, although some viruses can cause both types.
How do people get viral warts?
If you have any type of warts on the skin, it means that you came into contact with the virus in the past.
People can get viral warts from other people who have them, usually by direct contact, such as shaking hands with someone who has them on hand - says dermatologist Robert Brodell.
You can get the virus through towel that has been used by someone who has viral warts.
The greater the likelihood that viruses cause warts when they come in contact with skin that has been damaged. Also, cuts and wounds from shaving can cause infection. This explains why people often have warts on the chin area, while women often have it on their legs.
Why does a multitude of warts on some people, while others get none?
Doctors are not sure, but believe that in some people the immune system is better in fighting the virus and prevents the growth and emergence of a new warts. For example, children have them more often than adults probably because their immune system has not yet built up a strong defense against HPV. It is also common to see warts with siblings in the same family. And the children of individuals who have had or have them often and are more likely themselves to their development.
Is it possible to prevent them?
It is important to focus on the prevention and treatment as soon as they occur. The first way to prevent is to avoid contact with the virus, and regularly wash hands, use a clean towel, try to keep the skin healthy and moisturized to avoid open cuts or sores on the skin, which could promote to viruses. If you have warts on your fingers and bite your nails, get rid of the habit. Also, when you shave, be careful not to injure yourself.
What is the best way of removal?
If you get them, it is important to act quickly. If left untreated, they might spread. Sometimes treatment can be completed after a single treatment, and sometimes last longer than a year, depending on the reaction of the organism to the treatment and the nature of the virus. Treatments are usually carried out every ten to fourteen days. Warts can be removed with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy), curettage (extracting a sharp spoon) under local anesthesia, electrocoagulation, laser treatments or applying a special collodion or special cream active immunomodulator. Method of removing a dermatologist determines on the basis of clinical examination.
In folk medicine, celadine tincture is used for the treatment of warts (Chelidonium majus L.). The tincture is dripped directly on the wart twice a day or used as a compress overnight. Chelidonium containing up to one percent alkaloids like chelidonine, berberine, protopine, and similar compounds. Alkaloids are a group of compounds that are calling for caution, but not surprisingly, celandine has limited use, but the plant is completely safe when used for the treatment of viral warts. It is usually collected during the flowering because then, it contains at least alkaloids. The juice of the plant contains enzymes that are capable of splitting proteins, and probably the secret of its work on warts.