Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

Wormwood is a very widespread plant, which in greater abundance grows on rocky and sunny habitats, and on barren and uncultivated soils, on sandy river banks, on rocks, along fences and roads, mainly in the dry and especially on soils with lime background. It is grown in gardens where it requires almost no care. Reproduction of wormwood can be achieved either by seed or by dividing of older shrubs.
Wormwood is a perennial plant light gray, half-bush shaped, with a height of 60 cm to 1 m. Young shoots are finely silky-hairy, and the leaves are gray and silky tomentose-pubescent. The shape of the lower leaves in three perast with elongated lancet lobed parts list while the top of the stem leaves are smaller and simpler. Abundant flowering flower panicles are abundantly covered with gray-hairy leaf wrappings. Pale yellow flowers are tubular shaped head ie. lettuce, outdoor flowers have only stigmas while the inner flowers hermaphrodite. It blooms from July to September. The smell of the plant is typical of aromatic and strong, while the taste is very bitter, astringent and spicy.


Wormwood contains a variety of medical substances, and especially its essential oil, composed of a series of complex organic compounds. Additionally, it contains a bitter glycoside absitin and bitter substance artemisinin, absintiin and anabsintiin, and of organic acids found in wormwood are malic, tannic and succinic acid. We also found substances like arafina whose composition is not yet precisely defined. In addition, the leaves of then green-blue essential oil thujone, further terpene, azulene between them, and finally tanaceton salts of potassium and manganese.


People have used wormwood for centuries for a better digestion, for the cleaning of parasites, to stimulate the menstrual cycle, for liver and gallbladder. It was also used at child birth to ease the labor. Wormwood is known as the strongest poison against parasites.
It contains thujone and isothujone, which kill parasites. Absinthe also contains Santonini, which is known as a cure for the disease, caused by parasites and sesquiterpene lactones, which weakens the membrane of the parasite and thereby killing them.
Wormwood is a powerful remedy for malaria. It is much better than quinine, which is highly toxic.


  • anthelmintic – pushes and destroys parasites
  • antiseptic – prevents and inhibits the growth of microorganisms
  • antispasmodic – prevents and eases spasms and cramps
  • carminative – removes gases, which accumulate in the digestive system and thus eases cramps
  • cholagogue – helps create bile, which improves liver and gallbladder
  • emmenagogue – stimulates the menstrual cycle
  • febrifuge (antipyretics) – suppresses fever
  • hypnotic – causes drowsiness (helps with insomnia)
  • stimulant – temporarily increases or accelerates your body
  • stomachic – improves digestion
  • tonic – refreshes, restores and recovers the body

The versatile medicinal effects of wormwood have an beneficial effect on the entire body so that it indirectly treats a range of problems that do not directly belong to the area of treatment of wormwood. Difficult in metabolic disorders, obesity, diabetes and mental disorders that more or less have a deeper cause of the irregular work of the digestive organs, disorders of liver, bile and spleen functions and female sex organs. An excellent remedy for stomach and intestines cramps, fights against stomach catarrh, chronic congestion, diarrhea, excessive acid in the stomach, pressure and feeling pain in the abdomen (epigastrium), jaundice, heartburn and against yellow coated tongue and bad breath.