Heather, Savory (Satureja hortensis)
Heather, Savory (Satureja hortensis)
Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) is by its smell and taste very similar to pepper, so much that it can be used in the kitchen as a very good substitute for pepper. It can be found in spice mixtures called Herbes de Provence (instead of coastal scream). Savory is originating in the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East. The largest growers savory are France, Spain, Germany, Canada and the United States. It grows on sunny rocky places or on lime soil.
Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) is an herb that has been known since Roman times, and was used both in the kitchen and medicine. Then it was thought to have aphrodisiac properties. The Roman herb considered to be a love savory plant. Greeks also thought of thos plant as an aphrodisiac.
Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) is an annual plant with a very developed roots. The stem is up to 40 cm high, mostly bushy branched, with branches at the bottom of the numb. The leaves are narrow, blunted on the edge. The flowers are on short stalks, the calyx is bell-shaped, green or purple, floral garland is purple, pink or white, finely flaky. The stamens are barely crossing the wreath. The plant spreads around a strong and pleasant smell. Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) has a strong aromatic flavor, like marjoram, and the motherís sweetheart.
Interestingly, Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) blooms twice in one season. It grows on wild on rocky and sandy slopes of the eastern Mediterranean. In Central Europe, it is cultivated as a spice plant, but here and there as a wild plant growing in nearby fields, on railway embankments and cemeteries. For its cultivation loose soils rich in nutrients are necessary. The plant is badly in need of warmth, so sunny location and suitable for cultivation. Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) is very sensitive to cold. For dry weather culture savory need is abundantly watered, but only water where the temperature is equal to the air temperature.
Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) is used as a whole plant (Herba or Herba Saturejae Cunilae sativae) or leaves (Folia Saturejae). In addition be careful because the plant has two harvests. Best for spice and for medicinal purposes the plant are gathered just before the start of its blooming, while the second harvest can be carried out in full bloom. In addition to domestic needs, the plant is cut off above the ground, connected in small bundles and dried in a shady and airy space, the most airy loft that does not reach soot. Completely dried plant, except fat stem sections, were cut finely and stored in glass containers, impermeable to air and light. Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) contains 2% of essential oils, carbohydrates (54.6%), cellulose (15.3%), minerals (8.7%), protein (7.1%) and vitamin A (865 mg / 100g). Quantitative component of its essential oil are savory thymol (29 to 62.6%), which concentrations are significant and carvachol (6.6 to 42.7%) and p-cymene (4.5 to 30.0%).
Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) is not only suitable as a medicinal herb for treating various types of diarrhea, but is also taken for stomach and intestinal cramps, where savory is proven to be very effective. Heather, savory (Satureja hortensis) works with retching. Interestingly, it plays an important role in diabetes, because drinking its tea reduces the strong feeling of thirst, which is typical of the disease. Diabetic tea is prepared also in the form of oparka, a drunk without sugar.
In folk medicine, the savory is successfully used as a tea against intestinal worms, and the disease of the liver and bile. Tea is taken against bloating and cramps. Because of phenolic compounds in the essential oil of savory is characteristically strong antiseptic effect. It has been found the positive antiviral activity in the treatment of herpes simplex type 1 and HIV type 1.